India, Andhra Pradesh, moving from GMO and pesticide cotton to sustainable, organic farming
Paraphrase: In what may be the pesticide capital of the world, the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, pests developed insecticide resistance and genetically modified (GM) cotton failed to live up to Monsantoâ€™s promises. Farmers faced catastrophic losses, triggering thousands of suicides, and many then began to move in another direction. Now, almost two thousand villages are embracing community-managed sustainable farming using natural pest controls, not purchased chemicals, and are enjoying improved incomes and health. ---minister of ag has become supporter; the plan is to have 2.5 million acres uner community-mananged sustainable ag within a few years. [p29] .... "it was clear that the move from food crops to cash crops hmade the farmers much more vulnerable than they had been in the past. ...yields about the same but non-pesticide management (using natural methods) had about 18 higher income [p28] 3512.60 rupees, vs 286a.5- rupees ... chart in the middle of the village shows the breakdown... -- first year often showed higher yields with bt cotton but btcotton soon became less resistant to disease and bad weather MALLIAH, A FAMER IN THE ORGANIC VILLAGE OF YENABAVI, ANDHRA PRADESH: "Last year we had a three-month drought. Most of my crops survived whereas those of farmers using chemicals died." --- LAKSHMINAYAK THANDA, ANOTHER VILLAGE IN WARANGEL DISTRICT. "Some of the goats in the village died after grazing on a Bt cotton field after the harvest, "she said. ..."Weve all been feeling so much better since we stopped using them [pesticides]. We also spend much less on medical care. Altogether I'm feeling much happier now." Sattemma, prez of women's self help group] p. 28
Source: "Saying "No" to Chemical Farming in India," Seedling, July 2008,pp 27-29.