India has seen a 50% increase in food production in the last 20 years
"The sprawling system costs the government 750 billion rupees ($13.6 billion) a year, almost 1 percent of India’s gross domestic product. Yet 21 percent of the country’s 1.2 billion people remain undernourished, a proportion that has changed little in the last two decades despite an almost 50 percent increase in food production, according to the International Food Policy Research Institute, a research group in Washington."
Source: Vikas Bajaj, "A Failed Food System in India Prompts an Intense Review." New York Times. Jun. 7, 2012. http://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/08/business/global/a-failed-food-system-i... [verified 4/25/14]