Many employers purposefully hire non-union workers
"According to Kate Bronfenbrenner, a labor researcher at Cornell University, 75% of employers hire anti-union consultants during NLRB election campaigns and 25% fire at least one pro-union worker. In a recent study by Rutgers University and Jesuit Wheeling University, 46% of workers in NLRB elections reported being pressured by management, while on 14% of workers in card-check campaigns reported being pressured by union organizers." "$833 vs. $642 30% difference (union workers vs non-union workers)1st:Farino, Lisa. "Small Stories about Big Change: Making it Easier to Unionize." YES! Magazine. 42 (summer 2007) 8. 2nd:U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.